3a. Closed Forward Changes
In simplest of terms, a Closed Change is a figure consisting of three steps, which resembles one half of a Left or Right Box Turn. The Forward Closed Change is so named because the man steps forward on count 1.
Functionally, Closed Changes may serve one of two purposes. The first is -- as the name implies -- a change. Specifically, when danced in sequence with Left and Right Box Turns, they are meant to change direction of turn, from right to left, or vice-versa. The second purpose is simple linear progression, achieved by dancing two or more Closed Changes in succession.
* Note that although the man's and lady's charts describe the LF and RF Forward Closed Changes together in succession, each Closed Change can be isolated and danced in combination with other figures.
Closed Change as Link Between Box Turns
A single Closed Change can be used to link a Left Box Turn to a Right Box Turn, and vice-versa. For example, following the Left Box Turn, the man's left foot will be free. If he dances a Left Foot Forward Closed Change, he will then have his right foot free to begin the Right Box Turn. Likewise, following the Right Box Turn, he can dance a Right Foot Forward Closed Change to follow with a Left Box.
Closed Change as Progressive Basic
When two or more Closed Changes are danced in succession, they are used to travel along line of dance in a direct, linear fashion. When danced this way, they are sometimes referred to as Progressive Changes or Progressive Basic.
Note that successive Progressive Changes are a sequence unique to social and American style dancers. International schools use Closed Changes almost exclusively for the purpose of linking Box Turns (i.e. method #1 above).