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American Style Waltz
Closed Forward Changes
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3a. Closed Forward Changes

In simplest of terms, a Closed Change is a figure consisting of three steps, which resembles one half of a Left or Right Box Turn. The Forward Closed Change is so named because the man steps forward on count 1.

Functionally, Closed Changes may serve one of two purposes. The first is -- as the name implies -- a change. Specifically, when danced in sequence with Left and Right Box Turns, they are meant to change direction of turn, from right to left, or vice-versa. The second purpose is simple linear progression, achieved by dancing two or more Closed Changes in succession.

* Note that although the man's and lady's charts describe the LF and RF Forward Closed Changes together in succession, each Closed Change can be isolated and danced in combination with other figures.

Closed Change as Link Between Box Turns

A single Closed Change can be used to link a Left Box Turn to a Right Box Turn, and vice-versa. For example, following the Left Box Turn, the man's left foot will be free. If he dances a Left Foot Forward Closed Change, he will then have his right foot free to begin the Right Box Turn. Likewise, following the Right Box Turn, he can dance a Right Foot Forward Closed Change to follow with a Left Box.

Closed Change as Progressive Basic

When two or more Closed Changes are danced in succession, they are used to travel along line of dance in a direct, linear fashion. When danced this way, they are sometimes referred to as Progressive Changes or Progressive Basic.

Note that successive Progressive Changes are a sequence unique to social and American style dancers. International schools use Closed Changes almost exclusively for the purpose of linking Box Turns (i.e. method #1 above).

STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position.
 
11Left foot forward. 
22Right foot side. 
33Close left foot to right foot. 
 
41Right foot forward. 
52Left foot side. 
63Close right foot to left foot. 
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position.
 
11Right foot back. 
22Left foot side. 
33Close right foot to left foot. 
 
41Left foot back. 
52Right foot side. 
63Close left foot to right foot. 
Forward Changes O.P.>> Closed Forward Changes
Left Box (Reverse) Turn>>LF Closed Forward Change
RF Closed Forward Change>>LF Closed Forward Change
RF Back Hesitation>>LF Closed Forward Change
RF Side Hesitation>>LF Closed Forward Change
Side Whisk to R>>LF Closed Forward Change
Promenade Hesitation>>LF Closed Forward Change
Cross-Body Lead>>LF Closed Forward Change
Left Cross Turn>>LF Closed Forward Change
Promenade Cross>>LF Closed Forward Change
Underarm Turn L. from Closed Position>>LF Closed Forward Change
Underarm Turn to Left from Promenade>>LF Closed Forward Change
Twinkles to PP and CPP>>LF Forward Change
Right Box (Natural) Turn>>RF Closed Forward Change
LF Closed Forward Change>>RF Closed Forward Change
Six-Count Underarm Turn>>RF Closed Forward Change
LF Forward Hesitation>>RF Closed Forward Change
LF Side Hesitation>>RF Closed Forward Change
Side Whisk to L>>RF Closed Forward Change
Open Break & Underarm Turn to Right>>RF Closed Forward ChangeMan has no turn between 6 of Underarm Turn and 1 of RF Closed Forward Change, while lady overturns 1/8 to R to end backing diagonal wall.
1-3 Back Spot Turn>>RF Closed Forward Change
Side-by-Side Changes>>RF Closed Forward Changeat a corner
Side-by-Side Changes Backward>>RF Closed Forward Changeat a corner
Closed Forward Changes>> Left Box (Reverse) Turn
Closed Forward Changes>> Forward Changes O.P.
LF Closed Forward Change>> Right Box (Natural) Turn
LF Closed Forward Change>>RF Closed Forward Change
LF Closed Forward Change>>RF Side Hesitation
LF Closed Forward Change>>Side Whisk to R
LF Closed Forward Change>> Open Break & Underarm Turn to Right
LF Closed Forward Change>> Side-by-Side Changesif LF Closed Forward Change is taken facing center
LF Closed Forward Change>> Side-by-Side Changes Backwardif LF Closed Forward Change is taken facing center
RF Closed Forward Change>> Left Box (Reverse) Turn
RF Closed Forward Change>>LF Closed Forward Change
RF Closed Forward Change>>LF Forward Hesitation
RF Closed Forward Change>>LF Side Hesitation
RF Closed Forward Change>>Side Whisk to L
RF Closed Forward Change>> Promenade Hesitationat a corner, or along side of room if Forward Change is taken facing diagonal wall
RF Closed Forward Change>>Underarm Turn to R
RF Closed Forward Change>> Twinkle
RF Closed Forward Change>> Left Cross Turn
RF Closed Forward Change>>1-3 Back Spot Turn
RF Forward Change>>Twinkles or Progressive Twinkles to PP and CPP


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