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American Style Waltz
Closed Backward Changes
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3b. Closed Backward Changes

In simplest of terms, a Closed Change is a figure consisting of three steps, which resembles one half of a Left or Right Box Turn. The Closed Backward Change is so named because the man steps back on count 1.

A Closed Backward Change is the reverse of the Forward Closed Change, but serves similar purposes. Because the man moves backwards, they should generally only be used when he is backing the line of dance (or aligned to a direction such as backing diagonal wall or backing diagonal center, whereby his overall progression is in the general direction of line of dance).

* Note that although the man's and lady's charts describe the LF and RF Backward Closed Changes together in succession, each Closed Change can be isolated and danced individually.

When used as a link between two Box Turns, the Closed Backward Change will be danced after the first half (i.e. steps 1-3) of the Box Turn. For example, after steps 1-3 of a Left Box Turn, the man's right foot will be free to step back. At this point, instead of finishing steps 4-6 of the Left Box, he can instead dance a Right Foot Closed Backward Change, to be followed by steps 4-6 of the Right Box Turn. Likewise, 1-3 of Right Box Turn can be followed by a Left Foot Closed Backward Change, and then 4-6 Left Box Turn.

STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, backing line of dance.
 
11Left foot back. 
22Right foot side & slightly back. 
33Close left foot to right foot. 
 
41Right foot back. 
52Left foot side & slightly forward. 
63Close right foot to left foot. 
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, facing line of dance.
 
11Right foot forward. 
22Left foot side & slightly forward. 
33Close right foot to left foot. 
 
41Left foot forward. 
52Right foot side & slightly forward. 
63Close left foot to right foot. 
1-3 Right Box (Natural) Turn>>LF Closed Backward Change
RF Closed Backward Change>>LF Closed Backward Change
RF Back Hesitation>>LF Closed Backward Change
RF Side Hesitation>>LF Closed Backward Change
Promenade Hesitation>>LF Closed Backward Changeat a corner
Back Spot Turn>>LF Closed Backward Change
1-3 Left Box (Reverse) Turn>>RF Closed Backward Change
LF Closed Backward Change>>RF Closed Backward Change
Six-Count Underarm Turn>>RF Closed Backward Change
LF Forward Hesitation>>RF Closed Backward Change
LF Side Hesitation>>RF Closed Backward Change
1-3 Left Cross Turn>>RF Closed Backward Change
Side-by-Side Changes>>RF Closed Backward Change
Side-by-Side Changes Backward>>RF Closed Backward Change
LF Closed Backward Change>>4-6 Left Box (Reverse) Turn
LF Closed Backward Change>>RF Closed Backward Change
LF Closed Backward Change>> Six-Count Underarm Turn
LF Closed Backward Change>>RF Back Hesitation
LF Closed Backward Change>>RF Side Hesitation
LF Closed Backward Change>>Side Whisk to R
LF Closed Backward Change>> Open Break & Underarm Turn to Right
LF Closed Backward Change>>4-12 Backward Changes O.P.
LF Closed Backward Change>> Cross-Body Lead
LF Closed Backward Change>>4-6 Left Cross Turn
LF Closed Backward Change>> Underarm Turn L. from Closed Position
LF Closed Backward Change>> Cross-Body Lead to Underarm Turn to Left
LF Closed Backward Change>> Side-by-Side Changesat a corner
LF Closed Backward Change>> Side-by-Side Changes Backwardat a corner
RF Closed Backward Change>>4-6 Right Box (Natural) Turn
RF Closed Backward Change>>LF Closed Backward Change
RF Closed Backward Change>>LF Side Hesitation
RF Closed Backward Change>>Side Whisk to L
RF Closed Backward Change>>Underarm Turn to R
RF Closed Backward Change>> Back Twinklefirst step of Back Twinkle taken in-line
RF Closed Backward Change>>1-3 Back Spot Turn


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