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Viennese Waltz
Closed Changes
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1. Closed Changes

Closed Changes are a pair of figures in both Slow Waltz and Viennese Waltz that consist of three steps, used to transition from Reverse Turns to Natural Turns and visa versa. In the Slow Waltz, the man's part consists of a simple forward-side-close action (lady having the natural opposite), but in Viennese Waltz, the speed of the dance results in so much body flight and forward momentum that the second step is taken more forward than sideways, curving naturally to the left or right.

Although the primary purpose of the Closed Changes is to act as a transition between two turns, many Closed Changes can also be danced in succession. It is not very common to do in practical application, but multiple consecutive Closed Changes can be a useful exercise to learn various aspects of Viennese Waltz movement.

1a. Closed Change - Natural to Reverse

The Forward Change on the man's right foot typically follows a Natural Turn, and is used to transition to the Reverse Turn.  

Following a Natural Turn, the man begins facing diagonal center and takes three steps: (1) Right foot forward, (2) left foot forward, curving to right, and (3) closing the right foot, having taken a total of 1/8 turn to right to end facing line of dance. From there, his left foot is free to begin either the Reverse Turn or the LF Closed Change (Reverse to Natural). The lady's part is the natural opposite, starting with her left foot back.

1b. Closed Change - Reverse to Natural

The Forward Change on the man's left foot typically follows a Reverse Turn, and is used to transition to the Natural Turn.  

Following a Reverse Turn, the man begins facing line of dance and takes three steps: (1) Left foot forward, (2) right foot forward, curving to left, and (3) closing the left foot, having taken a total of 1/8 turn to left to end facing diagonal center. From there, his right foot is free to begin either the Natural Turn or the RF Closed Change (Reverse to Natural). The lady's part is the natural opposite, starting with her right foot back.

1a. Closed Change - Natural to Reverse
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, facing diagonal center.
 
11Right foot forward.Begin to turn right. 
22Left foot forward, curving to right.Continue turning to right, almost facing line of dance. 
33Close right foot to left foot.1/8 turn to right over 1-3 to end facing line of dance. 
1b. Closed Change - Reverse to Natural
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, facing line of dance.
 
11Left foot forward.Begin to turn left. 
22Right foot forward, curving to left.Continue turning to left almost facing diagonal center. 
33Close left foot to right foot.1/8 turn to left over 1-3 to end facing diagonal center. 
1a. Closed Change - Natural to Reverse
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, backing diagonal center.
 
11Left foot back.Backing diagonal center. Begin to turn to right. 
22Right foot back, curving to right.Continue turning to right, almost backing line of dance. 
33Close left foot to right foot.1/8 turn to right over 1-3 to end backing line of dance. 
1b. Closed Change - Reverse to Natural
STEP#COUNTDESCRIPTIONNOTES
Begin Closed position, backing line of dance.
 
11Right foot back.Begin to turn left. 
22Left foot back, curving to left.Continue turning to left, almost backing diagonal center. 
33Close right foot to left foot.1/8 turn to left over 1-3 to end backing diagonal center. 
Reverse Turn>> Closed Changes
Closed Change - Reverse to Natural>> Closed Change - Natural to Reverse
Natural Turn>> Closed Change - Natural to Reverse
Closed Change - Natural to Reverse>> Closed Change - Reverse to Natural
Reverse Turn>> Closed Change - Reverse to Natural
Closed Change - Natural to Reverse>> Closed Change - Reverse to Natural
Closed Change - Natural to Reverse>> Reverse Turn
Closed Change - Natural to Reverse>> Reverse Fleckerl
Closed Change - Natural to Reverse>> Contra Check
Closed Change - Reverse to Natural>> Closed Change - Natural to Reverse
Closed Change - Reverse to Natural>> Natural Turn
Closed Change - Reverse to Natural>> Natural Fleckerl


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