2. Natural Turn
The Natural Turn is a simple figure consisting of six steps that turns to the right and progresses down line of dance. Most of the ballroom dances have a figure called a Natural Turn, each one having its own unique character based on the music, the actions involved, the amount of turn, the rise and fall, and so forth. The Natural Turn in Viennese Waltz is similar to that of Waltz, but with a more direct progression down line of dance.
In the Viennese Waltz, all 6 steps of the Natural Turn are taken approximately down the line of dance, with the dancers completing one full turn overall. Unlike the Reverse Turn in Viennese Waltz, the Natural does not have a foot crossing action. Both steps 3 and 6 are simple closing actions. Also unique to the Natural Turn is the breakdown of the turn and alignments: Rather than beginning with man facing (lady backing) line of dance, they begin each half turn facing/backing diagonal center, turning 1/8 as they take the forward/back step.
Because the turns begin and end on the same alignment, they can be repeated as desired. So whereas the alignments of the Slow Waltz turns dictate that only one Natural Turn can be taken at a time before one must change to a Reverse, in Viennese Waltz the dancers will often take several Natural Turns in a row before following with a Closed Change to begin dancing the Reverse Turns.
Because the line of dance is counterclockwise, Natural Turns must be slightly underturned as dancers move around corners. The total amount of turn will depend on the size of the room, but 3/4 to 7/8 turn per Natural Turn is typical. This makes Natural Turns much more suitable than Reverses, which must be overturned, as a means of turning corners.